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Ethereum 2.0: The Roadmap to More Scalable Experience

Click here to view original web page at appinventiv.comEthereum 2.0 The Roadmap to More Scalable Experience
Ethereum 1.0 is getting upgraded.Ethereum 2.0 is going to be the new face of dApp industry because of its speed, scalability, cost-effectiveness, and other such benefits.Ethereum 2.0 will be ready within 18-24 months, in the form of 7 different phases.Ethereum 2.0 Phase 0 is expected to be live this year.
Ever since Ethereum was launched back in 2015, the developers were having sky-high hopes from it. While Buterin and Co., the company behind the evolution of this blockchain-based distributed computing platform, made significant changes in its consensus model and scaling solutions, the developer’s demand for an integrated experience of all these changes was not yet fulfilled.
But this Monday, the history of the Ethereum platform changed. The company announced an OS upgrade, known as Ethereum 2.0 (Serenity) – a glance of which we are going to cover within the next 3 seconds.
Ethereum 2.0: What It Is
Ethereum 2.0, according to Van Loon, is a distinct Blockchain from the existing Ethereum Chain, where the hard fork of the current blockchain is not mandatory for proper functioning. Instead, the value in Ethereum 2.0 is transmitted from ‘Proof of Work’ chain through a one-way deposit Smart contract.
With this attended to, let’s have a look into the reason behind the idea of launching this upgrade, or better say, have a comparison of Ethereum 1.0 and Ethereum 2.0
Ethereum 2.0 vs Ethereum 1.0: What Everyone Ought to Know
When it comes to comparing the two OS versions, the reasons that come up as the igniting force behind the introduction of Ethereum 2.0 are the following challenges associated with current Ethereum:-
Scalability:- Ethereum was launched with an aim to be the world computer that manages all the financial transactions and host dApps and Smart contracts without being impractically slow. However, Ethereum 1.0 is not able to fulfill this requirement while operating with PoW (Proof-of-Work) algorithm – something that gives the scope of introducing other more scalability-friendly platforms in the many Blockchain guide meant for entrepreneurs.Security:- Though not a major issue, the security level and considerations associated with Ethereum 1.0 are not advanced. They have to be improved, which is what Ethereum 2.0 is focusing upon.A Solution for Difficulty Bomb:- The developers have been continually compelled to shift from PoW to PoS by slowing down the mining rewards. However, this is increasing the difficulty associated with the process, and in the absence of any solution, it has been resulting in a dead end. Ethereum 2.0, in this case, will come up as a solution for the dApp developers to make better applications.
Now as we are familiar with the secret behind launching Ethereum 2.0, let’s dig deeper into what includes in this upgrade and when it will be live.
Ethereum 2.0 denotes a series of updates that will make Ethereum make better and faster by focusing on two prime goals:-
Introducing PoS (Proof of Stake) consensus mechanism that will eventually eradicate the need to invest in PoW (Proof of Work) mining.Introducing Sharding which will boost speed and throughout of the ETH transactions.
Now, when talking about the series of updates, the Ethereum 2.0 is making the update live in different phases. An outcome of which is that the 7 phases of the evolution of Ethereum 2.0 is expected to hit the market – with the Phase 0 just gone live.
Wondering what these different phases are? What will be included in each phase and when are they supposed to be made available to developers? Let’s cover this in the next section of the blog.
Different Phases of Ethereum 2.0
Phase 0: PoS Beacon Chain
The Beacon Chain is a PoS-enabled chain that will run in parallel to Ethereum’s Proof of Work chain and enable a Blockchain dapp development company to reap the benefits of the network without investing their time and energy into the process of re-learning the parameters of the platform. It is estimated to enter the market this year itself.
Phase 1: Basic Sharding
In this phase, shard chains will work in sync with the Beacon chain. They will aid developers with higher transactional speed and instant output delivery in transactions, which will eventually upgrade the scalability.
Shard chains will be responsible for managing transactions and exchange of account data and will be live in the world in 2020.
Phase 2: EVM State Transition Functioning
Proposed to enter the market in 2020-2021, this phase of Ethereum 2.0 Serenity will be related to the advent of new EVM (Ethereum Virtual Machine) which will be upgraded via the eWASM (Ethereum Web Assembly). This new virtual machine is predicted to perform code execution more swiftly and effectively while supporting many more programming language.
Besides, this phase will also witness the introduction of better protocol standardization to enhance the network security.
Phase 3: Light Client State Protocol
The fourth phase of evolution of Ethereum 2.0 will begin in 2022 and will cover everything related to the improvement of network in terms of security, scalability, and decentralization.
Phase 4: Cross-shard Transactions
This phase will be basically related to mind mapping of the complete architecture and will be seen somewhere around 2022.
Phase 5: Tight Coupling with Main Chain Security
The sixth phase of Ethereum 2.0 Serenity will be associated with internally fork-free sharding and data availability proofs.
Phase 6: Super-Quadratic or Exponential Sharding
The last phase of Ethereum 2.0 (Serenity), which will go live by the end of the year 2022, will be related to managing recursive shards.
The process of evolution of Ethereum 2.0, with 7 seven phases is announced to be completed within 18-24 months. This implies we will be able to enjoy 100 times more scalable network by the year 2022 along with other facilities like transition of Ether tokens from old chain to new one.
Continue exploring the landscape of product design with these helpful resources:
Ethereum 2.0 is going to be the new face of dApp industry because of its […]
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4 key Notes as the KIN Token Migration to Bancor Finalizes

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When the Kik team announcement their initial coin offering a while ago, many people had high expectations. A well-known and respected messaging service issuing its own tokens could introduce a lot more people to the cryptocurrency industry. In the next few weeks, all users must migrate their KIN tokens from Ethereum to Bancor. This move has some very interesting potential consequences.
Moving Away From Ethereum
The biggest development to take note of is how the Kik team has made it rather clear they do not want to use Ethereum’s infrastructure for their token. The decision to switch to Bancor is rather interesting, albeit not all that surprising. Numerous other projects have moved away from Ethereum in search of greener pastures. Whether or not those decisions will pan out as expected, is a very different matter altogether.
With the migration to Bancor now almost completed, one can safely say the Kin token no longer has anything to do with Ethereum come June 15. As of right now, there is still an ERC20 relay active to swap KIN to the Bancor-based token accordingly. Once fully completed, the wait begins to determine if Bancor can live up to the Kik team’s expectations in terms of sustainability and scalability.
Manually Migrating ERC20 Tokens is Pertinent
Contrary to what most users might expect, the switch from ERC20 to Bancor tokens will not occur automatically. Users are advised to either use a swap service such as CoinSwitch or Changelly, or perform this course of action through an exchange. The swap services should complete this process in 30 minutes or less, which might be the more approachable option for KIN holders.
Several exchanges have also supported this migration since March of 2019. That list includes HitBTC, CoinTiger, LAToken, and a few others. However, it seems most of the “windows” for exchanges have closed already, as this swap was announced several months ago. Using the swapping service or the ERC20 relay is still a viable option at this time. Ensuring tokens are converted sooner rather than later is the best course of action.
Finding the Right Wallet
Sorting any cryptocurrency, token, or asset is always a matter of conducting proper research. For Kin holders, moving the funds to a Bancor-based wallet can be done when using either the Ledger or Atomic Wallet, as well as the Freewallet solution. All of these platforms support the old and new token at this time, which should make it relatively easy to generate a new address to receive the correct tokens.
Another option is to use Bancor’s own Smart Wallet, which allows users to support all ERC20 and EOS tokens in existence today. By default, this also means the new Bancor-based tokens will be supported, as this integration was completed in late 2017. There are plenty of options for users to look into in this regard, albeit putting in some effort is to be expected at this time.

Boosting KIN’s Popularity on Bancor
As this token swap will enter the final stages, it is not unlikely KIN will overtake some other tokens issued on Bancor in popularity, albeit briefly. It is rather interesting to take note of how many tokens are currently running on top of Bancor’s infrastructure. This list is a lot longer than most people might assume, although it is evident Ethereum remains the undisputed leader in this regard.
Until Ethereum can successfully address the scaling concerns affecting the network, it seems likely there may be a few more migration efforts in the months and years to come. While it is a popular platform to issue ICO tokens, it seems things will get rather interesting in the coming months and years. For KIn users, not too much will change in terms of using the coin. In terms of which features and use cases may be unlocked in the future, one never knows what may come next.
Disclaimer: This is not trading or investment advice. The above article is for entertainment and education purposes only. Please do your own research before purchasing or investing into any cryptocurrency or digital currency.

Academic credential verification startup TrustED taps Binance’s blockchain platform

Click here to view original web page at www.tokenpost.comMon, 27 May 2019, 11:40 am UTC
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TrustED, an Adelaide-based academic credential verification startup, has entered into an agreement with leading cryptocurrency exchange Binance to utilize Binance Chain.
Binance Chain, Binance’s public blockchain platform, was launched in April following the public testnet phase which commenced in February 2019.
Founded in 2017, TrustEd aims to offer technology and training to educators to help them store, issue, and verify academic credentials such as diplomas and certificates using blockchain technology. The objective is to digitize credentials and thwart the creation and issuance of fraudulent and falsified documents.
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While the startup initially intended to utilize the Ethereum blockchain for its application use case, it has announced that it will use Binance Chain to realize its goal. With this, it has become one of the first startups to use Binance’s blockchain platform.
TrustEd noted that with one second block times and near-instant confirmation of transactions, Binance Chain is “poised to be a revolutionary stepping stone in the bid to bring cryptocurrencies and blockchain technology to the masses.”
"Being one of the first projects on Binance Chain is not only an honor but also a massive stepping stone for the TrustED project. With Binance technology behind us, TrustED can deliver on SLAs and security requirements necessary to make a blockchain-based academic solution enterprise-grade,” Kosta Batzavalis, TrustED CEO, said.
According to the official release, TrustED will be among the very first tokens to be launched on Binance Chain. TrustEd also plans to conduct a public token offering for its fundraising and community building efforts, which would be the first Initial Token Offering to take place with the native Binance Chain BEP2 Token standard.
"Binance Chain and the introduction of the Binance DEX enables thousands of crypto tokens and companies to utilize the technology in an efficient and effective manner,” Ted Lin, Chief Growth Officer at Binance stated. “We’re excited to have TrustED be one of the first startups to utilize Binance Chain and look forward to the growth that is to come in further bringing cryptocurrency mainstream."
Last week, Verasity, a digital currency for online video players, also partnered Binance Chain as part of its efforts to bring about a new incentivised video economy.
TrustED , an Adelaide-based academic credential verification startup, has entered into an agreement with leading cryptocurrency exchange Binance to utilize […]
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0x Teams With StarkWare to Bring Speed to Decentralized Exchanges

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A cryptographic solution called zero-knowledge proofs (ZKP) could help notoriously slow decentralized exchanges (DEXs) reach speeds comparable to more traditional platforms.
San Francisco-based DEX startup 0x is partnering with the Israeli software-as-service company StarkWare to test a ZKP solution called StarkDEX, which can process roughly 500 transactions per second.
StarkWare CEO Uri Kolodny told CoinDesk the goal is clear: “Non-custodial trading at scale.”
Speaking to how ZKPs could be implemented in the 0x DEX ecosystem, 0x marketing lead Matt Taylor told CoinDesk:
“Our goal is that by the end of this year we’ll have this in production, on mainnet, so that people can actually use this technology. … We intend to have this be a core part of the 0x DEX stack.”
Taylor said the 0x system has facilitated $713,000 worth of trades since it was founded in 2017. DEXs using 0x currently process between a few hundred and roughly 3,100 trades a day, according to, but scaling continues to be a challenge.
“A marketplace where only three trades per second can be settled is a very illiquid market,” Kolodny said of some networks’ current limitations.
Still, Kolodny told CoinDesk it will take months before this alpha test leads to a professional service for 0x relayers and other blockchain companies.
Stepping back, StarkWare attracted investment from ConsenSys Ventures, ethereum creator Vitalik Buterin and the Zcash company, to name a few. This startup’s ZKP expertise and solutions are so sought after that the Technion University, where StarkWare co-founder Eli Ben-Sasson also works as a professor, filed a lawsuit claiming Ben-Sasson is “getting rich” from the university’s intellectual property.
Regardless of legal disputes, the aim of StarkWare’s latest partnership is to enhance scalability across the industry. Taylor said 0x plans to use StarkDEX solutions to “scale our infrastructure as well as the infrastructure for the rest of the crypto economy.”
In September, ethereum heavyweights like Buterin will gather in Tel Aviv for a series of technical sessions hosted by StarkWare.
Said Kolodny:
“If we provide scalability engines for trading, or gaming, or any application that one wishes to run on the blockchain, you can use [StarkWare] computation that takes everything else you’re doing off-chain and achieve massive scale.”
Image: StarkWare co-founders (left to right) Eli Ben-Sasson, Alessandro Chiesa, Uri Kolodny and Michael Riabzev (courtesy of StarkWare)
San Francisco-based DEX startup 0x is partnering with the […]
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Ethereum-Based OmigeGO (OMG) Makes Its Way To Gibraltar Crypto Exchange

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The Gibraltar Blockchain Exchange Has Added some support For The OmiseGo, OMG
The GBX, which is also referred to as the Gibraltar-Blockchain-Exchange, which is an institutional grade, that is insured and regulated token sale platform together with being a digital asset exchange. They have just gone ahead to announce a new addition which is the OMG, referred to as the OmiseGo. It has been added to the GBX-DAX, which is an exchange that has been developed for the professionals within the crypto trading market.
More On The OMG Network
The OMG will be having some trading pairs with the ETH, BTC and the USD straight on the GBX-DAX. It is a network that was established in the aims of facilitating proper inclusion together with interoperability. Plus, it will be able to offer users with a decentralized mechanism that can be used for the future in the financial networks along with the decentralized economies.
It will also allow the building, easy use of dApps, and scaling within the OMG network; this is emphasizing the need to establish transparency and easy access within the decentralized system. The OMG is an ERC-20 token, one that will allow for easy exchanges and transactions to take place within the network, all this happening across the different blockchain networks, as well as between different blockchains at the same time.
Ever since they were able to obtain the full DLT License that is from the GFSC, also referred to as the Gibraltar Finance Services Commissions. As a result, the GBX-DAX will become the very first insured and regulated Digital Asset Exchange one that will be owned by the traditional stock exchange, which is the GSX, Gibraltar Stock Exchange.
As a user on the GBX-DAX, you will have access to the growing catalog that consists of very high profile digital assets and also has the opportunity in participating in a token economy in an environment that has been built on good governance plus the best practices that have been brought over by the EU-regulated by the GSX.

The GBX , which is also referred to as the Gibraltar-Blockchain-Exchange , which is an institutional grade, […]
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Distributed Digest: Thursday, February 28, 2019

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Your daily distillation of crypto news for Thursday, February 28, 2019:
Golem Rides the Ghost
María Paula Fernández, who heads external relations for Golem, today announced that the project is migrating from Medium to Ghost, an open-source, hands-off publishing platform that other crypto organizations like Aragon have embraced.
After receiving reports from community members that its blog was down, Golem learned that Medium had disabled the feature of redirecting the team’s blog domain. Although this issue was part of Golem’s decision to leave Medium, Fernández also noted that the team believes in open-source communities and "being in control of [its] data."
Additionally, Golem has created a Peepeth account to further embrace the ethos of censorship resistance.
0x Extensions for Different Exchange Types
Part of v2.0 of the 0x protocol is the recently announced 0x Extensions feature. With this new feature, projects can offer different types of crypto trading for their users, including Dutch auctions, automatic ETH wrapping and order filling, and whitelisting. Each of these trading types is enabled by an extension EDCC (aka smart contract).
The 0x team intends to create more extension contracts to further meet the needs of developers.
Automated Token-Trading Strategies with Sets
Set Protocol yesterday announced the introduction of Strategy Enabled Tokens (Sets), which the team describes as EDCC-based "tokenized trading strategies." With these tokens, traders can automate certain trading strategies like going long or short, buying the dip, and dollar cost averaging.
In fact, Sets reportedly enable users to program any customized trading strategies into the contracts, for example, the condition "if the price of ETH goes above $1,000, then sell everything into 100% DAI." Further, Sets function as ERC20 tokens and can thus be used across a variety of outlets, from being exchanged on 0x or Kyber to potentially being used as collateral for a loan on MakerDAO.
The Set Protocol team assures the community that these tokens are "not just a conceptualization," adding that it’s "close to protocol code-completion and [is] at the tail end of code audits." Set Protocol plans to soon publish a white paper to further describe the technical details of these tokens.
Dani is a full-time writer for ETHNews. He received his bachelor’s degree in English writing from the University of Nevada, Reno, where he also studied journalism and queer theory. In his free time, he writes poetry, plays the piano, and fangirls over fictional characters. He lives with his partner, three dogs, and two cats in the middle of nowhere, Nevada.
Like what you read? Follow us on Twitter @ETHNews_ to receive the latest Golem, Ghost or other Ethereum ecosystem news.
censorship resistance
open source
Set Protocol
Strategy Enabled Tokens
María Paula Fernández
Golem Rides the Ghost
María Paula Fernández, who heads external relations for Golem, today announced that the project […]
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Coinomi Responds To Wallet Vulnerability Claims

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Cryptocurrency wallet provider Coinomi has responded to recent claims that the company’s wallet software sends wallet recovery seed phrases to Google’s remote spell checker servers in unencrypted text. According to Coinomi’s Medium post, the spell check requests "returned an error (code: 400) as they were flagged as ‘Bad Request’ and weren’t processed further by Google."
Exchanging a Few Words
Warith Al Maawali created the website after finding the alleged vulnerability in the Coinomi desktop wallet. Like other software wallets, Coinomi uses a 12-word seed phrase in the event a user needs to restore a wallet, forgets their pin, or needs to transfer funds to a new device. On his website, Maawali explains that, while restoring his Coinomi wallet on his desktop, his seed phrases were sent in "clear plain text" (unencrypted) to, a domain name owned by Google that acts as a spellcheck function. The feature is supposedly meant to make it easier for users to spot typos while entering in their seed phrases.
Maawali posted a video of the alleged vulnerability to the avoid-coinomi website. He claimed the bug resulted in $60,000 to $70,000 worth of cryptocurrency being stolen from his wallet by "someone from Google’s team" or whoever had access to the Google server. As for how the alleged hacker knew the 12 words were a part of a wallet recovery phrase, Maawali states: "Anyone who is involved in technology and crypto-currency knows that a [sic] 12 random English words separated by spaces will probably be a passphrase to a crypto-currency wallet!"
Maawali alerted Coinomi to the supposed bug via email on February 22. The wallet provider then published the conversation that took place between Maawali and Coinomi. In the conversation, Maawali asked that Coinomi "refund the stolen amount of coins or their value in USD and consider it as a ‘bug bounty reward’ … otherwise I have no choice other than reporting this in social media." Coinomi then asked for a video call to be held for "KYC purposes," to which Maawali replied: "Tomorrow I am going live with this as well as sending a copy to the authorities I will let the authorities and public deal with you [sic]. All I am asking to get my funds back 65k-70k or 17 BTC in value." Finally, Coinomi took to Twitter to declare that the company does not "negotiate with blackmailers."
Coinomi’s Defense
On February 27, Coinomi posted its official statement on Medium, addressing the vulnerability claim. According to Coinomi, the bug was a result of a "bad configuration option in a plug-in used in Desktop wallets only." The plug-in enabled the spellcheck function by default, and the team patched the desktop version of their wallet on February 22, the day Maawali first got in contact.
The statement also questions the validity of Maawali’s theft claims, stating that Maawali repeatedly refused to disclose his findings and that the wallet could not have been hacked for three reasons:
"Coinomi Team never had access to these seed phrases or funds. No one else except for Google could read the contents of the encrypted packets that contained the seed phrases. Google rejected these requests … as they were badly formed (didn’t contain a valid Google API key) and never actually processed them."
The statement notes that, with the patch to desktop wallets, Android and iOS users do not need to take any actions to secure their wallets, while desktop users just need to make sure they have updated to the latest patched version.
Responding to Coinomi’s Response
With Coinomi’s statement claiming outright that this issue could not have resulted in a loss of funds, MyCrypto founder and CEO Taylor Monahan took to Twitter to discuss the kind of language and tone used by Coinomi. In a series of tweets, Monahan criticized Coinomi’s deflection of the claims made against its wallet software and its treatment of bug reporters. Eventually, MyCrypto posted its own statement on Medium, outlining positive and helpful steps to take in the event of a security incident.
Nicholas Ruggieri studied English with an emphasis in creative writing at the University of Nevada, Reno. When he’s not quoting Vines at anyone who’s willing to listen, you’ll find him listening to too many podcasts, reading too many books, and crocheting too many sweaters for his dogs, RT and Peterman.
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Constantinople Will Improve Ethereum But Will ETH Dump?

Click here to view original web page at www.newsbtc.comEthereum prices bearish, strong liquidation at $170Constantinople in progressTransaction volumes increase in last weeks but will accumulation trigger bulls
After previous attempts flopped, we expect the ongoing Constantinople upgrade to be a success. Whether that will rouse price action, we don’t know, but for bulls to be firmly in control, prices must rally above $170 or Dec 2018 highs.
Ethereum Price Analysis
As you read this, Constantinople software upgrade may be in progress and the second stage of the Metropolis could see Ethereum trudge closer to proof of stake in Serenity.
In a two-way fork—a separate upgrade in St. Petersburg because of vulnerabilities presented in the last update, Ethereum will implement all their EIPs ensuring that the network is efficient, delaying the difficulty bomb by another year and reduce ETH rewards for miners from three to two in “thirdening.”
However, a source of controversy is the implementation of CREATE 2, a proposal forwarded by Vitalik Buterin. There are concerns from the developer’s fraternity that interaction with smart contracts outside of Ethereum will create loopholes that would leave the blockchain open to attacks.
Unlike other contentious hard forks, coin holders need not worry about their stash unless otherwise notified by the foundation:
“If you use an exchange (such as Coinbase, Kraken, or Binance), a web wallet service (such as Metamask, MyCrypto, or MyEtherWallet), a mobile wallet service (such as Coinbase Wallet,, or Trust Wallet), or a hardware wallet (such as Ledger, Trezor, or KeepKey) you do not need to do anything unless you are informed to take additional steps by your exchange or wallet service.”
Candlestick Arrangements

Like most coins, ETH is in an uptrend, but prices are trending in tight trade ranges. The second most valuable coin is down 8.5 percent from last week’s close and trading inside the bear bar of Feb 24. In an effort versus result point of view, sellers have the upper hand.
Regardless, ETH/USD is within a bull breakout pattern thanks to Feb 18-19 upswings that saw prices rally and conclusively close above $135. Therefore, considering this price action alignment, we shall consider Feb 24 draw down a retest, and for risk-off traders, every low should be a buying opportunity.
Meanwhile, risk-averse and conservative type of traders can only ramp up once prices rally above $170—our main resistance level and Dec 2018 highs.
Technical Indicators
Our anchor bar is Feb 24 because it has high transaction volumes—880k versus 415k according to BitFinex data streams. Bulls are in control but for trend continuation, a bar that will cause a sharp reversal of trend must have high trade volumes exceeding recent averages of 365k or 900k above those of Feb 24.
Tags: constantinople, ETH, ethereum

Constantinople in progress
Transaction volumes increase in last weeks but will accumulation trigger bulls After previous attempts flopped, we […]
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